AoS3 Rhythms of the World
This Area of Study explores the traditional rhythmic roots from four geographical regions of the world:
• India and Punjab
• Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East
• Central and South America.
Learners should study and develop an understanding of the characteristic rhythmic
• Indian Classical Music and traditional Punjabi Bhangra
• Traditional Eastern Mediterranean and Arabic folk rhythms, with particular focus
on traditional Greek, Palestinian and Israeli music
• Traditional African drumming
• Traditional Calypso and Samba.
Focus for Learning and Understanding
Learners should study and develop an understanding of the following for each geographical region including:
• characteristic rhythms and metres
• the origins and cultural context of the traditional music
• the musical characteristics of the folk music
• the impact of modern technology on traditional music
• the names of performers and groups
• ways in which performers work together.
Learners will study and understand how a range of musical elements is combined in traditional music, including:
• instruments and timbre
• pitch and melody
• rhythm and metre
• dynamics, expression and articulation
• structure and phrasing
• harmony and tonality
• repetition, ostinato
Learners should have some knowledge of:
• techniques of performing traditional drums
• traditional rhythm patterns (including regular and irregular metres, syncopation and cross rhythms)
• how texture builds with added parts
• improvised melodic lines based on traditional scales (including modal and microtonal melodic ideas).
For traditional Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern folk music, Learners should study and develop an understanding of:
• The irregular rhythms and metres often found in Greek and Palestinian folk dances
• Melodic shapes, including modal ideas
• Parallel melodic lines
• Harmonic support
• Phrasing and cadences
• Structure and texture and how the parts are combined.