Indian Classical Music.
What? India's classical music based on Ragas (scales)
When? Centuries ago!
Who? Ravi Shankar (Sitar)
Structure - Alap / Jhor / Jhala / Gat
Tabla. A Pair of Drums - Plays the Tala (rhythm).
Tambura - Drone producing 'lute'. Plays the harmony.
Sitar - Improvises the melody based on the rag or scale. Notes are plucked with glissandos and bending strings.
How the Instruments Interact
Oral tradition. The music is not written down. Musicians look and listen. Imitation is common. The drone and improvised melody are based on one of the hundreds of ragas.
Venue / Location - Indian classical concert.
AoS3 Indian Classical Music - Traded Tips
Tempo - Alap (First Section) is slow. Gat (Last Section) Fast.
Rhythm - Tal is the rhythmic cycle played by the tabla.
Articulation - Strong accent on first beat of bar.
Dynamics - Dynamics build up throughout the performance.
Expression - Sitar player - through improvisation.
Devices - Imitation, Rag (scale).
Texture - Melody and Accompaniment (Tabla and Tambura support Sitar)
Instruments - Sitar (Melody). Tabla drums (rhythm), Tambura (drone).
Pitch - Sitar explores the Rag (scale) playing higher and lower.
Structure - 4 sections - Alap, Jhor, Jhala, Gat.
Other... Ravi Shankar. Rag is the name of the piece and the scale.