Palestinian Folk Music
What? A style of Arabic Music that uses rhythmic patterns and Microtones.
When? Traditional - Aural Tradition.
Rhythm - Rhythmic patterns used are called iqa. These are often in time signatures different to Western Music. eg. 7/8 & 7/4 etc,
- Doumbek drum plays the main rhythm.
- Riq (tambourine), Deff (Tambourine without bells), Zills (Finger Cymbals)
Voice - The vocals often include:
- Melisma (singing more than one note per syllable)
- Ululations (High pitched Trills)
Wind Instruments - Mijwiz, Arghul, Shababa.
String Instruments - Zither, Kanun, Oud, Rababah.
How the Instruments Interact.
The music usually has no harmony, with the melody accompanied by the Doumbek drum.
If more than one melody instrument are playing, the slight variations and improvisation around the melody makes the texture heterophonic.
Venue / Location - Mainly music for dance at weddings and celebrations.
AoS3 Palestinian Folk Music - Traded Tips
Tempo - Music for dancing - consistent, medium fast.
Rhythm - Iqa. Rhythmic patterns.
Articulation - Doumbek drum. Dum, tek & Ka are different strokes. Dum on strong beat.
Dynamics - Music is loud.
Expression - The vocals are veric expressicve with the microtone melodies, melismas and ululations.
Devices - Rhythmic patterns, modes.
Texture - Monophionic but melody could be hetrerophonic.
Instruments - See below.
Pitch - Use of microtones and Modes. (Maqamat)
Structure - Rhythmic patterns. Iqa.
Oud Kanun Mijwiz Doumbek Riq