What? Dance Music from Brazil played at Carnivals.
Where? Brazil. Rio.
When? Influenced by West African Slaves brought to Brazil between the 16th & 19th Centuries.
Who? Samba Bands or larger Samba Schools.
Tempo - Fast Tempo.
2/4 or 4/4 Time Signature. Emphasis on the 2nd Beat of the bar.
Lots of Percussion - The different drums make up the Bateria.
Surdu Drum, Caixa Snare Drum, Repinique Drum, Cuica Drum, Tamborim.
Portuguese Guitar, Keyboards, Whistle, Agogo, Saxophones and Brass.
Venue / Location - Samba Schools compete at Carnivals.
Samba Percussion Instruments - The Bateria
AoS3 Samba - Traded Tips
Tempo - Fast, Lively Tempo.
Rhythm - 4/4 or 2/4.
Articulation - Syncopated with Emphasis on the 2nd Beat.
Dynamics - Loud.
Expression - Major Key, Uplifting Carnival Music.
Devices - Call and Response.
Texture - Layering Sound. Complex Polyrhythms.
Instruments - Multiple Percussion, Agogo, Keyboards, Brass, Guitar.
Pitch - Different drum sizes have different pitches.
Structure - Songs are Verse / Chorus structure.
Other...The leader of the Bateria uses a two-tones whistle called the
Apito de Samba. The whistle is used to set the Tempo and signal the breaks.
Large Bass drum that sets the
Played with one stick and hand
Three sizes used in a bateria.
High pitched Tom-Tom.
Played by the Leader.
Leads the Call and Response.
Snare drum played with sticks
Plays complex polyrhythms.
Small, high pitched drum.
Played with a single beater.
A stick on the inside of the drum is attached to the drumskin.
The player rubs the stick with a wet cloth to play the drum.
A doube cow-bell.
Played with a stick.
The bells have different pitches.