What? A work for solo Instrument and Orchestra.
Where? Austria, Germany and throughout Europe.
When? Classical period. 1750 - 1820.
Who? Haydn, Mozart.
Structure - 3 movements. Fast / Slow / Fast
Cadenza - The orchestra stops to let the soloist demonstrate their virtuosity. (Great skill on the instrument).The music could be improvised or pre-rehearsed.
Flute, Clarinet, Oboe, French Horn, Trumpet, Violin, Piano etc
How the Instruments Interact
Imitation between orchestra and soloist. The orchestra support the soloist harmonically playing quietly beneath the solo instrument. They then take their turn with the melody.
Venue / Location - Concert Hall.
AoS2 Classical Concerto - Traded Tips
Tempo - Fast and Slow Movements.
Articulation - Various. Slow second movement often legato.
Dynamics - Graded crescendos and diminuendos.
Expression - Opportunity for Soloist to 'show off'
Devices - Cadenza (Improvised virtuosity). Imitation, Call and response.
Texture - Melody with accompaniment (Soloist supported by orchestra).
Instruments - Classical Orchestra & Soloist. Solo Instruments popular... - Violin, Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Trumpet, French Horn, Piano.
Pitch - Cadenza shows full range of solo instrument.
Structure - Three movements - Cadenza at end of 1st movement.
Other...Mozart, Haydn. Vienna, Concert hall. Classical Period 1750 - 1820.
Mozart Clarinet Concerto - Adagio
Mozart Horn Concerto No. 4 - Rondo