What? Music for Solo Instrument and orchestra.
When? Romantic period. (Approx. 1820 - 1900)
Piano and Violin were the most popular solo instruments.
Much larger than the orchestra in the classical period. Up to 100 musicians with many more brass and percussionninstruments.
How Was the Romantic Orchestra Different?
Much larger orchestra.
Longer in duration.
Greater emphasis on virtuosity. Very difficult music for the soloist.
Cadenzas were often written out by the composer and not imporvised.
Mainly for Solo Violin or Solo Piano.